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Attacks on RTI activists in India
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Many Right to Information Act (RTI) activists, including policemen, have been harassed and even murdered for seeking information to “promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority” in India. Many face assaults on a regular basis. People seeking information from their gram panchayat and the local administration also face social ostracism. Many threats and attacks (including murder) are unreported by the media.[1]
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RTI activists are vulnerable human rights defenders (HRDs) in India. Unlike other HRDs, a majority of the RTI activists are not part of an organisation; they often act alone, moved by anger at corruption and other illegal activities. RTI activists are vulnerable because they live in the same areas as public authorities and political leaders who do not want information about their activities to be disclosed. For the most part, human rights defenders receive media attention only when killed or seriously injured. When complaints are made by RTI activists, law enforcement personnel (who often work with corrupt officials) do not take appropriate action. The Right to Information Act, 2005 provides inadequate protection to whistleblowers. The Central Information Commission and the State Information Commissions are not mandated to deal with such threats or attacks or to provide protection when needed.[2]
Protection of RTI activists was raised in Parliament several times during 2010. The Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions Shri V. Narayanasamy, when replying to Unstarred Question No. 3456 in the Lok Sabha on 1 December 2010, stated that reports had appeared in the media about the victimization of people who use Right to Information provisions. However, he asserted that the Indian Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure have adequate provisions enabling the law-enforcement systems in the states to take preventive and punitive action against such threats. He further stated that the government of India has urged the chief ministers of the states and administrators of union territories to promptly inquire into such incidents and take action against the offenders. However, no action is taken even after the court orders it.[citation needed] The Bombay High Court, when hearing the case of the murder of RTI activist Satish Shetty in Maharashtra on 7 May 2010, ordered the state government to provide police protection to any person (or organization) complaining of threats or the use of force after filing applications under the RTI Act. The high court also directed the state government to set up provisions for speedy investigation of cases of threats or attacks against social activists, a monitoring system and a database of social activists within 90 days. However, the cases of attacks on activists in Maharashtra increased.[citation needed]
There is a need to amend the RTI Act to provide for the protection of those seeking information under the Act. The Asian Centre for Human Rights recommends that a separate chapter, “Protection of those seeking information under the(RTI) Act”,[3] be inserted into the Act. Protection measures should include (a)mandatory, immediate registration of complaints of threats or attacks against RTI activists on the First Information Report and placing such FIRs before the magistrate or judge of the area within 24 hours for issuance of directions for protection of those under threats and their family members, and periodic review of such protection measures; (b)conducting inquiry into threats or attacks by a police officer not below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police/Assistant Commissioner of Police, to be concluded within 90 days; and (c)trial of the accused within six months. Further, concerned Public Information Officers, First Appellate Authorities and those directly related with the information sought under the RTI Act should be presumed to have abetted the offenses against the RTI activists unless evidence proves otherewise.
[edit] List of assaults
Name
State
Date
Attack type
Sanjib Tanti
Assam
6/11/07
Assault[4]
Rinku Singh Rahi
Uttar Pradesh
26/03/2009
Assault[5]
Firoz Ibrahim Khan
Maharashta
11/17/07
Assault[6]
Gopalbandhu Chhatria
Orrisa
2/1/09
Assault[7]
Ripu Daman Ohri
Punjab
6/1/09
Assault[8]
Sanjib Nandi
Punjab
7/6/09
Assault[9]
Munikrishna
Karnataka
10/27/09
Assault[10]
Ajay Kumar
Delhi
1/1/10
Assault[11]
Nayana Kathpalia
Maharashtra
1/8/10
Assault[12]
Kiran Pandey
Punjab
1/10/10
Assault[13]
Sumaira Abdulali
Maharashtra
3/16/10
Assault[14]
Abhay Patil
Maharashtra
4/1/10
Assault[15]
Ashok Kumar Shinde
Maharashtra
7/17/10
Assault[16]
Budhai Kumar
Uttar Pradesh
8/9/10
Assault[17]
S Channabasappa Patil
Karnataka
9/16/10
Assault[18]
Yashwant Gavand
Maharashtra
1/2/11
Assault[19]
Arun Baburao Mane
Maharashtra
1/2/11
Assault[20]
Salman Reddy
Orissa
1/17/11
Assault[21]
Safdar Ali
Jammu and Kashmir
1/20/11
Assault[22]
Vikrant Karnik
Maharashtra
1/25/11
Assault[23]
Amar Pandey
Uttar Pradesh
1/27/11
Assault[24]
Gopal Prasad, Anil Mittal, Nanda Sawant
Delhi
2/3/11
Assault[25]
Mangala Ram
Rajasthan
3/3/11
Assault[26]
Bharat Guggul, Bhanji Jogen
Gujarat
3/5/11
Assault[27]
Vishnu Medhkar
Maharashtra
4/2/11
Assault[26]
Dilip Jaiswal
Maharashtra
4/5/11
Assault[28]
Arvind Kaushal
Maharashtra
4/8/11
Assault[29]
Popat Barge
Maharashtra
4/17/11
Assault[30]
Jai Bhagwan and Karambir
Haryana
5/21/11
Assault[31]
Ismail Patwari
Maharashtra
5/27/11
Assault[32]
C.P. Singh
Maharashtra
6/22/11
Assault[33]
Baghu Dewani
Gujarat
6/24/11
Assault[34]
Ganasham Kunkolkar
Goa
7/22/11
Assault[35]
Jaisukh Bambhania
Daman and Diu
8/8/11
Assault[36]
Sanjit Das
Meghalaya
8/14/11
Assault[37]
Ajay Ambalia
Gujarat
8/31/11
Assault[38]
Parshuram Kishanlal Mali
Gujarat
9/7/11
Assault[39]
Manisha Goswami
Gujarat
9/21/11
Assault[40]
Mehul Kataria
Maharashtra
10/7/11
Assault[41]
Santosh M Tiwari
Maharashtra, Gujarat
10/16/11
Assault[42]
Poonam Solanki
Gujarat
12/2/11
Assault[43]
Akhilesh Saxena
Uttar Pradesh
2008
Assault[44]
Parameswar Sabar
Orissa
June 2011
Assault[45]
Niren Pareek, Christopher Minz
Assam
May 2007
Assault[46]
Tapal Ganesh
Karnataka
Unknown
Assault[47]
Purshottam Chauhan
Gujarat
Unknown
Assault[48]
Narayan Hareka
Orissa
Unknown
Assault[49]
Assam
Unknown
Assault[50]
Sumit Kumar Mahato
Jharkhand
Unknown
Assault[44]
Bibhav Kumar, Rajeev Kumar
Uttar Pradesh
1/26/07
Harassment[51]
Tukaram Bansode
Maharashtra
12/31/07
Harassment[52]
V Gopalakrishnan
Tamil Nadu
3/13/09
Harassment[53]
Srikant Prabhu
Maharashta
5/1/09
Harassment[44]
Kishori Ram
Bihar
7/21/09
Harassment[44]
Goverdhan Singh
Rajasthan
3/1/10
Harassment[44]
Mohit Sharma
Delhi
3/12/10
Harassment[54]
Jay Kumar Raghuvanshi
Maharashtra
3/13/10
Harassment[55]
Davinder Khurana
Punjab
4/2/10
Harassment[44]
Ramesh Agrawal
Chattisgarh
6/23/10
Harassment[44]
Ganesh Borhade
Maharashtra
7/7/10
Harassment[56]
Manish Bhatnagar
Maharashtra
7/18/10
Harassment[57]
Harshad Patil
Maharashta
8/13/10
Harassment[58]
Gopalkrishnan, Siva Elango, Madhav Vishnubhatta
Tamil Nadu
9/1/10
Harassment[59]
Fatima Mynsong, Acquiline Songthiang, Matilda Suting
Meghalaya
9/1/10
Harassment[60]
Abhijit Ghosh
Maharashta
9/1/10
Harassment[61]
Ratna Ala
Gujarat
9/29/10
Harassment[62]
Bobby Basaiawmoit
Meghalaya
2/1/11
Harassment[63]
Mary Anne Pohshna
Meghalaya
3/9/11
Harassment[64]
Sanjay Gurav
Maharashtra
3/22/11
Harassment[65]
M Z Ali
Karnataka
5/10/11
Harassment[66]
Ketan Shah
Gujarat
5/12/11
Harassment[67]
Ravinder Rathi
Haryana
6/2/11
Harassment[68]
Payi Gyadi
Arunachal Pradesh
6/5/11
Harassment[69]
Brijesh Kumar
Delhi
8/2/11
Harassment[70]
Ashok Paswan
Bihar
8/19/11
Harassment[71]
Arvind Sharma
Punjab
9/5/11
Harassment[72]
Derrick Dias
Goa
9/11/11
Harassment[35]
Subhash Aggarwal
Delhi
10/7/11
Harassment[73]
Sheeba Fehmi and Arshad Ali Fehmi
Delhi
10/8/11
Harassment[74]
Sanjay Gurav
Maharashtra
11/28/11
Harassment[75]
Anupam Saraf, Vaibhav Gandhi and Dinesh Shah
Maharashtra
12/13/11
Harassment[76]
R. Marijoseph
Karnataka
12/30/11
Harassment[77]
Kishan Lal Gera
Haryana
Since 2008
Harassment[78]
R V Prasanna
Karnataka
Since 2009
Harassment[79]
Shiv Prakash Rai
Bihar
May 2008
Harassment[71]
Takhellambam Ibempishak, Sagolsem Memcha
and Konjengbam Anita
Manipur
Since Apr 2011
Harassment[80]
Pawan Sharma
Uttar Pradesh
Since April 11, 2011
Harassment[81]
Emmanuel
Andhra Pradesh
February and March 2011
Harassment[82]
Jagbir Singh
Delhi
Since February 2011
Harassment[83]
Biren Luwang
Manipur
Since April 2011
Harassment[84]
Injambakkam H Sekar
Tamil Nadu
Since August 2011
Harassment[85]
Khirasindhu Sagria
Orrisa
Since November 2011
Harassment[86]
Muzibur Rehman
Unknown
2007
Harassment[87]
Saleem Baig
Uttar Pradesh
2007
Harassment[44]
Asith Sangma
Meghalaya
2008
Harassment[44]
Ashok Verma
Punjab
2009
Harassment[88]
Kheemaram
Rajasthan
2010
Harassment[89]
Shivaji Raut
Maharashtra
June 2011
Harassment[90]
Ajay Gakhar
Delhi
July 2011
Harassment[91]
All Gujarat RTI users
Gujarat
July 2011
Harassment[92]
Ankur Patil
Maharashtra
September 2011
Harassment[93]
Gunjan Mehta
Gujarat
December 2011
Harassment[94]
Durga
Delhi
2011
Harassment[95]
C J Karira
Andhra Pradesh
2011
Harassment[96]
Nelapati Papireddy, Pachalla Suryanarayana Reddy
and Kovuru Satyanarayana Reddy
Andhra Pradesh
2011
Harassment[97]
Mohinder Kumar
Punjab
Unknown
Harassment[98]
Anwar Shaikh
Maharashtra
Unknown
Harassment[99]
Y. Ekyimo Kikon
Nagaland
Unknown
Harassment[100]
Ashok Rathod
Gujarat
Unknown
Harassment[101]
Bharat H Gajjar, Milan Joshi
Gujarat
Unknown
Harassment[102]
Rolly Shivhare
Madhya Pradesh
Unknown
Harassment[44]
Jai Prakash Arya
Delhi
Unknown
Harassment[103]
Gian Singh
Delhi
Unknown
Harassment[103]
Ram Sagar
Delhi
Unknown
Harassment[104]
Sumankant Raichaudhari
Bihar
Unknown
Harassment[105]
Piyusha Tiwari
Rajasthan
Unknown
Harassment[106]
Rayabhai Zapadiya
Gujarat
Unknown
Harassment[107]
Razuddin
Harayana
Unknown
Harassment[108]
Rukhminibhai
Andhra Pradesh
Unknown
Harassment[109]
Roshan Lobo
Karnataka
Unknown
Harassment[110]
Bhadresh Wamja
Gujarat
Unknown
Harassment[40]
Bhanjibhai Jogel and Bharatbhai Ghughal
Gujarat
Unknown
Harassment[40]
Jharkhand
5/15/08
Killed[111]
Kameshwar Yadav
Jharkhand
6/7/08
Killed[112]
Venkatesh
Karnataka
4/6/09
Killed[113]
Maharashtra
1/13/10
Killed[114]
Arun Sawant
Maharashtra
2/1/10
Killed[115]
Vishram Laxman Dodiya
Gujarat
2/11/10
Killed[116]
Shashidhar Mishra
Bihar
2/14/10
Killed[117]
Sola Ranga Rao
Andhra Pradesh
4/11/10
Killed[118]
Vitthal Gite
Maharashtra
4/21/10
Killed[119]
Dattatraya Patil
Maharashtra
5/22/10
Killed[120]
Gujarat
7/20/10
Killed[121]
Vijay Pratap (alias Babbu Singh)
Uttar Pradesh
7/25/10
Killed[122]
Ramdas Ghadegaonkar
Maharashtra
8/27/10
Killed[123]
Sonu
Haryana
2/10/11
Killed[124]
Niyamat Ansari
Jharkhand
3/2/11
Killed[125]
Amit Kapasia
Gujarat
12/29/11
Killed[126]
Madhya Pradesh
8/16/11
Killed[127]
S Bhuvaneswaran
Tamil Nadu
1/10/12
Killed[128]
Nadeem Saiyed
Gujarat
11/5/11
Killed (reason possibly unrelated)[129]
Ramvilas Singh
Bihar
12/8/11
Killed (reason possibly unrelated)[130]
V Balasubramanian
Tamil Nadu
8/19/10
Killed(?)[131]
Jabbardan Gadhvi
Gujarat
2/22/11
Suicide[132]
Poonam Solanki
Gujarat
12/7/11
Assault[133]
Dudhram
Jaipur, Rajasthan
2/9/1212
Assault[134]
Premnath Jha
Virar, Mumbai
25 Feb 2012
Killed[135]}
Rajeev Nagar Police, Patna, Bihar
23/05/12
Assault(reason RTI & Complaint)[136] [137][138][139][140]
Akhil Gogoi
Nalbari, Assam
July 5, 2012
Assault [141]
Ramesh Agarwal
Raigarh, Chhattisgarh
July 7, 2012
Shot[142]
Rajesh suresh Bobade
Amravati, Maharashtra
September 21,2012
Assault
[edit] See also
[edit] References
4.       ^ "Sanjib Tanti". Indianexpress.com. 2007-06-22. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/assam-rti-applicant-alleges-assault/128135/0. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
6.       ^ Express news service (2007-12-01). "Firoz Ibrahim Khan". Expressindia.com. http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/estate-agent-assaulted-for-filing-rti-four-arrested/245439/. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
8.       ^ "Ripu Daman Ohri". Indianexpress.com. 2010-09-09. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/applicant-complains-of-receiving-threat/679649/0. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
9.       ^ Jaydeep Basu (2009-07-08). "Dr. Sanjib Nandi". Calcutta, India: Telegraphindia.com. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1090708/jsp/sports/story_11208661.jsp. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
15.    ^ "Abhay Patil". Frontlineonnet.com. http://www.frontlineonnet.com/fl2718/stories/20100910271800400.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
17.    ^ "RTI applicant attacked in UP". GovernanceNow.com. 2010-08-10. http://www.governancenow.com/gov-next/rti/rti-applicant-attacked. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
18.    ^ G Manjusainath, Bangalore, September 28, DHNS:. "Gang attack fails to deter bold RTI activist". Deccanherald.com. http://www.deccanherald.com/content/100502/. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
32.    ^ "RTI activist attacked". Hindustan Times. 2011-06-01. http://www.hindustantimes.com/RTI-activist-attacked/Article1-704300.aspx. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
49.    ^ "Narayan Hareka". Indianexpress.com. 2008-06-14. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/attacking-the-right-to-ask/322527/0. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
50.    ^ "Akhil Gogoi". Indianexpress.com. 2007-06-22. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/assam-rti-applicant-alleges-assault/128135/0. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
55.    ^ By: Akela Date: 2011-05-01 Place: Mumbai (2011-05-01). "Police took a year to protect this RTI activist's life". Mid-day.com. http://www.mid-day.com/news/2011/may/010511-police-complaint-RTI-activist-HSCB-BHC-Vitthalwadi.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
58.    ^ Chaubey, Vedika (2010-08-23). "Harshad Patil". Mid-day.com. http://www.mid-day.com/news/2010/aug/230810-peon-hospitalised-harassed-school-low-salary.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
63.    ^ "RTI Activist Threatened in Meghalaya". news.outlookindia.com. http://news.outlookindia.com/item.aspx?710573. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
71.    ^ a b "State RTI activist claims threat to life". Calcutta, India: Telegraphindia.com. 2011-08-21. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1110821/jsp/bihar/story_14402774.jsp. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
75.    ^ By: Akela Date: 2011-12-01 Place: Mumbai (2011-12-01). "Hawkers threaten RTI activist over complaint". Mid-day.com. http://www.mid-day.com/news/2011/dec/011211-Hawkers-threaten-RTI-activist-over-complaint.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
89.    ^ Also by Pallavi Polanki. "The Man Who Dares to Bare". OPEN Magazine. http://www.openthemagazine.com/article/nation/the-man-who-dares-to-bare. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
112.^ Shahnawaz Akhtar (2008-06-09). "Kameshwar Yadav". Calcutta, India: Telegraphindia.com. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1080609/jsp/frontpage/story_9385159.jsp. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
116.^ J. Balaji (2010-07-25). "Vishram Laxman Dodiya". Chennai, India: Thehindu.com. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article532051.ece. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
118.^ J. Balaji (2010-07-25). "Sola Ranga Rao". Chennai, India: Thehindu.com. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article532051.ece. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
125.^ Ipsita Pati (2011-03-03). "Niyamat Ansari". Chennai, India: Thehindu.com. http://www.thehindu.com/news/states/other-states/article1505888.ece. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
130.^ "Ramvilas Singh". Indianexpress.com. 2011-12-09. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/rti-activist-shot-dead-in-bihar/885698/0. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
[edit] External links
.......................................................................................................................................
GOPAL PRASAD( RTI Activist), H. No.-210, St. No.-3, Pal Mohalla
Near Mohan Baba Temple ,Mandawali, Delhi-110092Mob: 9289723144, 8743057056.

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राजनीति में भ्रष्टाचार

भ्रष्टाचार और राजनीति का एक गहरा संबंध है । जहां हम विकास की एक नई गाथा को रचने का सपना संजोए हुए हैं वहीं दुनिया के सामने हमारी गरीबी की सच्चाई को स्लमडॉग मिलेनियर जैसी फिल्मों के सहारे परोसा जा रहा है । आज हम भ्रष्टाचार के मामले में बंग्लादेश, श्रीलंका से भी आगे हैं ।
झारखंड के पूर्व मुख्यमंत्री सह सांसद मधुकोड़ा का मामला भ्रष्टाचार के मामले में सामने आया है । जिसमें ४ हजार करोड़ के घपले का पता चला है । कोड़ा का नाम भी उन राजनेताओं में जुड़ गया है जो भ्रष्टाचार के मामले में दोषी पाये गए हैं या घिरे हुए हैं । भ्रष्टाचार को फैलाने वाले राक्षस सत्ता में आसीन राजनीति के शीर्ष नेता हैं इसकी शुरूआत भारत के प्रथम प्रधानमंत्री पंडित जवाहर लाल नेहरू के समय से ही हो गई थी । १९५६ में खाद्यान्‍न मंत्रालय में करोड़ों रूपये की गड़बड़ी पकड़ी गई । जिसे सिराजुद्दीन काँड के नाम से जाना जाता है । उस समय केशवदेव मालवीय खाद्यान्‍न मंत्री थे उन्हें दोषी पाया गया । १९५८ में भारतीय जीवन बीमा में मुंधरा काँड हुआ जिसकी फिरोज गाँधी ने पोल खोली थी । १९६४ में भ्रष्टाचार को रोकने के लिए “संथानम कमिटी” का गठन किया गया ।…

एक आरटीआई एक्टिविस्ट के संघर्ष की कहानी, उसी की जुबानी

पिताजी गुरु भी थे। गरीबी, प्राइवेट ट्यूशन वगैरह करके आजीविका चलाते; परिवार चलाने के साथ-साथ सारे समाज, देश की चिंता उनका प्रमुख स्वभाव रहा। हमेशा दूसरों से कुछ अलग करने की चाह; सीमित संसाधनों में भी देश, समाज और मित्रों के लिए समय निकालना; शायद उनका यही स्वभाव मेरे मस्तिष्क में रच-बस गया, कार्यशैली का हिस्सा बन गया। छात्र जीवन बहुत फाकाकशी, गरीबी का रहा, लेकिन मेरे पिताजी ने अपने सिद्धांतों के साथ कभी समझौता नहीं किया। हमारे मकान का धरन (कड़ी) लकड़ी का था, जो टूट गया था। उसी पर पूरे छत का लोड था। मकान कब गिर जाय, कुछ ठिकाना नहीं।प्लास्टिक के टेंट लगाकर रहते थे। कभी घर में चूल्हा भी नहीं जलता था। ऐसी ही परिस्थितियों में एक बार गुल्लक तोड़ा, तो पाँच रुपए निकले। उन्हीं से दो किलो चूड़ा लाया था। उसी को भिंगोकर, नमक-मिर्च लगाकर सपरिवार ग्रहण किया। अपनी शादी बिना तिलक-दहेज के की। दो बहनों की शादी आज से बीस साल पहले दिल्ली में मात्र सत्रह हजार की मामूली रकम में ही की। दोनों बहनों की शादी एक ही तिथि में किया। हमारे समाज (अखिल भारतीय खटिक समाज) के जो राष्ट्रीय पदाधिकारी थे, उन्होंने अपना मकान पंद्…